After four decades of initiatives aimed at consolidating environmental governance based on the paradigm of ecological modernization, a process that implied alliances between corporations, the State, and hegemonic NGOs, Brazil now faces the rise of openly anti-environmental and anti-indigenous policies. This trend poses new challenges for the fight for environmental justice in the country. Political sectors such as ruralists, miners, and evangelicals that formerly occupied specific niches in Parliament, have now moved with the military into central positions in the government. I will analyze how the process of environmental deregulation, active since the early 2000s in ecological modernization policies, has paved the way for the current wave of environmental dismantling and its concrete effects on deforestation, as well as increasing violence in the territories occupied by indigenous peoples and traditional communities.
Andréa Zhouri is Professor of Anthropology and Archaeology at the Federal University of Minas Gerais (UFMG). Her research includes Sustainable Development, Environmental Impact Assessment; Environmental Governance, Politics, and Ethics; Indigenous People, Traditional Communities, and the Environment. https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Andrea_Zhouri
Response by Simone Athayde, Associate Professor in the Department of Global and Sociocultural Studies and Kimberly Green Latin American and Caribbean Center at Florida International University.
Simone Athayde’s research examines the impacts of large infrastructure projects and climate change on Indigenous peoples and local communities across the Amazon, as well as their responses and agency over these processes. At LACC/GSS/FIU, she plans to work with several FIU faculty, staff, and students, as well as with diverse Brazilian social actors, to develop a joint vision and a strong research component for the new Brazilian Studies Institute.